The 'But For' Test

Barnett v Chealsea and Kensington Hospital

Problems with the application of the 'But For' Test

Performance Cars v Abrahams
Cook v Lewis
Baker v Willoughby
Jobling v Assosiated Dairies

Novus Actus Interveniens

Act of the Claimant

Mckew v Holland
Wieland v Cyril Lord Carpets
Spencer v Wincanton Holdings
Reeves v Commisioner of the MET
Jones v Boyce
Sayers v Harlow

Act of Nature

Carslogie Steamship v Royal Norwegian Government

Act of Third Party

HO v Dorset Yacht
Lamb v Camden LBC
Knightley v Johns
Robison v Post Office
Smith v Littlewoods